Floor tiles are commonly made of stone or ceramic, although over recent times, and with technological advances, rubber of even glass are now also used. Ceramic options are often painted or glazed, and small mosaic tiles are generally laid is a variety of patterns to create a stunning appearance. Floor tiles are generally set into a special mortar consisting of a concoction of cement and sand, and often a latex additive is used for improved adhesion. The spaces between tiles were traditionally filled with mortar, however the modern approach is to fill gaps with sanded or unsanded floor grout.

Natural and beautiful stone tiles can be aesthetically pleasing, but the problem is, they are not so diverse in their colour and patterns, and they also require additional planning for installation. Mass-produced stone pieces however are placed through distinct methods, such as sawing, polishing, or are riven/split to vary thickness (especially when it comes to slate). Tile thickness can also be varied via the amount of mortar used under each distinct part of the tile, or by using wide grout lines for example. Natural products can come across staining, especially if liquids are spilled on them, but they are sealed and resealed with sealant to stop this from happening. They are also complex in their patterns, so small amounts of dirt for example does not show whatsoever – giving the products a rather refined look.

When it comes to new advancements, rubber floor tiles can be used in a variety of different situations – such as in residential and commercial establishments for example, and some common areas they can be found include workshops, pations, garages, sport courts, dance floors and gyms. Other advanced options, such as plastic, have the ability to be installed without the need for an adhesive. They are suitable for a number of areas such as those which succumb to heavy traffic and floors that are subject to mass movement for example, and they are perfectly placed in garages, schools and gyms.